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1. Measles vaccine is kept in refrigerator in
(a) Chilled tray
(c) Tray below freezer
(d) Shelves in the door
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Freezer: The commonly administered measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine can be stored either frozen or refrigerated, while the MMRV vaccine that also contains the live varicella virus must be frozen.
2. Disinfectant used for water purification is
(a) 5 gm bleaching powder for 100 litre of water
(b) 10 gm chlorine for one litre of water
(c) 2% ethanol solution for one litre of water
(d) 5 mg potassium permanganate
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - 2% ETHANOL solution for one litre of water: Ethanol 2% can be used as disinfectant for one litre of water.
3. Fertility rate can be reduced by
(a) Spacing of pregnancy
(b) Early marriage
(c) Female literacy
(d) Compulsory sterilization
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Female literacy: The fertility rate at a given age is the number of children born alive to women of that age during the year as a proportion of the average annual population of women of the same age.it can be reduce by female education, late marriages.
4. The father of Germ theory of disease was
(a) Louis Pasteur
(c) Virginia Apgav
(d) Albert Einstein
• Ans. & Sol. (a) - Louis Pasteur: In the 1860s, French chemist Louis Pasteur developed modern germ theory. Pasteur stipulated that bacteria caused infection and disease.
5. All are true indicators of health for all except
(a) Family size
(b) Annual growth rate 1 : 2
(c) Life expectancy 64 years
(d) IMR < 60
Ans. & Sol. (a) - FAMILY SIZE : HEALTH INDICATORS ARE
• Crude death rate.
• Life expectancy.
• Infant mortality rate.
• Maternal mortality rate.
6. IUCD acts except
(a) Killing spermatozoa
(b) Aseptic inflammation of endometrium
(c) Increase cervical mucus
(d) Preventing the fertilization of ova
Ans. & Sol. (b) - Aseptic inflammation of Endometrium:The device is a T-shaped plastic frame that's inserted into the uterus, It Thickens mucus in the cervix to stop sperm from reaching or fertilizing an egg. Thins the lining of the uterus and partially suppresses ovulation.
7. Under the National Population Policy, family size should be brought down to
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - 2.3: Family size refers to the number of persons in the family.
8. Dengue fever is also called as
(a) Enteric fever
(b) Q fever
(c) Break bone fever
(d) Brain fever
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Break bone fever :Dengue, also called breakbonefever or dandyfever, acute infectious mosquito-borne fever.
9. Which of the following is not a minor ailment?
(a) Injuries fall and burn
(b) Chest pain in a heart patient
(d) Heart stroke and fainting
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - chest pain in a heart patient: chest pain in heart patient may occur due to deceased coronary artery perfusion, it can not considered minor aliment.
10. Consent from guardian for MTP is required if
(a) Female is unmarried
(b) Female is below 33 years of age
(c) Female is divorced
(d) Female is below 17 years of age
Ans. & Sol. (d) - Female is below 17 years of age:Minors require consent from their parents or care providers or legal guardians for any invasive procedure.
11. Which is the most suitable method for disposal of night soil in the rural areas?
(a) Biogas plant
(d) Manure pit
• Ans. & Sol. (a) - Biogas:Biogas is produced when bacteria digest organic matter (biomass) in the absence of oxygen. This process is called anaerobic digestion.
12. Orthotolidine test is used to determine
(a) Nitrate in water
(b) Potassium in water
(c) Ammonia in water
(d) Free combined chlorine in water
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - Free Combined Chlorine In Water:Enables Total, free and combined chlorine in water to be determined with speed and accuracy. The reagent is 'analytical grade Orthotolidine', dissolved in 10% solution of HCl. When this reagent is added to the water containing chlorine, it turns yellow.
13. Vector borne diseases are transmitted by
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Animals:vector-Borne Disease: Disease that results from an infection transmitted to humans and other animals by blood-feeding anthropods, such as mosquitoes, ticks, and fleas. Examples of vector-borne diseases include Dengue fever, West Nile Virus, Lyme disease, and malaria.
14. As per Birth and Death Registration Act, the birth should be registered within
(a) 5 days
(b) 7 days
(c) 14 days
(d) 21 days
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - 7 DAYS:the Registration of Births and Deaths Act, 1969. Birth to be registered with in 7 days
15. Megablastic anemia is caused due to deficiency of
• Ans. & Sol. (a) - B12 :Folic acid is also called folate. It is another B vitamin. Either a lack of vitamin B-12 or a lack of folate causes a type of anemia called megaloblastic anemia (pernicious anemia).
16. Recommended site for administer of DPT in infant is
(c) Linear aspect of thigh
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Deltoid: DPT administered intramuscularly in the outer aspect of the vastus lateralis (midthigh) or deltoid.
17. Floating tip of the iceberg represents
(a) Clinical cases
(b) Apparent cases
(c) Latent cases
(d) Un-diagnosed cases
• Ans. & Sol. (a) - CLINICAL CASES: The iceberg phenomenon describe a situation in which a large percentage of a problem is subclinical, unreported, or otherwise hidden from view. Thus, only the "tip of the iceberg" is apparent to the epidemiologist.
18. False about leprosy eradication programme is
(a) Early detection of cases
(b) Disability imitation
(c) Long term multi drug therapy
(d) Health education
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - LONG TERM MULTI DRUG THERAPY: The use of the 3-drug regimen comprising rifampicin, dapsone and clofazimine is recommended for all leprosy patients, with duration of treatment lasting 6 months for paucibacillary leprosy and 12 months for multibacillary leprosy.
19. Case finding in RNTCP is based on
(a) Sputum culture
(b) Sputum microscopy
(c) X-ray chest
(d) Mantoux test/PCR
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Sputum microscopy: Patients presenting with symptoms of tuberculosis are screened by sputum smear examination.
20. PAP smear is the example of
(a) Primordial prevention
(b) Primary prevention
(c) Secondary prevention
(d) tertiary prevention
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - secondary prevention:It attempts to detect a disease early and intervene early by early diagnosis tests.
21. The most common degenerate joint disease in the elderly, often caused by wear and tear is
(a) Rheumatoid arthritis
(c) Gouty arthritis
(d) Ankylosing spondylitis
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - osteoarthritis :Degeneration of joint cartilage and the underlying bone, most common from middle age onward. It causes pain and stiffness, especially in the hip, knee, and thumb joints.
22. Haemopoiesis is a process of the production of
(a) Blood plasma
(c) Bone marrow
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Erythrocytes:Haematopoiesis is the production of all of the cellular components of blood and blood plasma.
23. Which of the following is not required for clot formation?
(a) Vitamin K
(d) Blood cell
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - plasmin: For blood clotting vit k , calcium & blood cells(platelets) required.
24. The wave of contraction is under the control of
(a) Parasympathetic nerve
(b) Mandibular nerve
(c) Phrenic nerve
(d) Auditory nerve
• Ans. & Sol. (a) - Parasympathetic nerve: The parasympathetic nervous system controls bodily functions when a person is at rest. Some of its activities include stimulating digestion, activating metabolism, and helping the body relax.
25. Which of the following is not the function o the liver?
(a) Carbohydrate, lipid and protein metabolism
(b) Excretion of bilirubin
(c) Nucleic acid metabolism
(d) Synthesis of bile salts and activation of Vitamin D
Ans. & Sol. (c) - nucleic acid metabolism: functions of liver are
• Production of bile, which helps carry away waste and break down fats in the small intestine during digestion.
• Production of certain proteins for blood plasma.
• Production of cholesterol and special proteins to help carry fats through the body.
26. Which part of brain is associated with control of breathing?
(c) Medulla oblongata
(d) Both (b) and (c)
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - BOTH A &B :The respiratory center is located in the medulla oblongata and is involved in the minute-to-minute control of breathing. Pons maintains the respiratory rhythm of breathing
27. Which part of brain regulates posture and balance?
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - cerebrum: Posture and balance of the body are controlled by cerebrum.
28. Hormones are
(c) Inorganic chemicals
(d) Organic chemicals
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - organic chemicals: Hormones are chemical substances that act like messenger molecules in the body.
29. Myxedema is caused by the deficiency of a hormone secreted by
(d) Pineal body
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Thyroid:Myxedema is a result of undiagnosed or untreated severe hypothyroidism.
30. Ciliary body in the eyeball is the extension of the
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - choroid:The ciliary body is a 5–6 mm wide ring of tissue extending from the scleral spur anteriorly to the ora serrata posteriorly and is the anterior continuation of the choroid.
31. Which of the following dietary factors increases absorption of calcium?
(a) Presence of fatty acids
(b) Protein rich diet
(c) Phytic acid or excess of fibres
(d) Presence of oxalates (cabbage, spinach, etc.)
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Protein rich diet : meat, poultry, fish, eggs, and dairy foods helps absorption of calcium.
32. Which of the following plays a role in neuromuscular excitability and nerve transmission?
(d) All the above
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - All of the above:Na+, K+, and Ca2+ each regulate the excitability of neurons.
33. Cooking below boiling point (about 85oC) as in case of meat and fish to prevent hardening of fibres is called
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Simmering: To cook (food) gently at or just below the boiling point. Is called simmering.
34. Which of the following are not affected or changed much by heat?
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Fats: Heat affects the carbohydrates and proteins much more then the fats.
35. Which of the following should be boiled thoroughly?
(c) Green leafy vegetables
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Pulses: If properly pulses not boil botulism may occur .Botulism is a rare but serious illness caused by a toxin that attacks the body's nerves.
36. Which of the following drugs is used to control the progress of AIDS?
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Zidovudine: Zidovudine is given to HIV-positive pregnant women to reduce the chance of passing the infection to the baby.
37. Effect of adrenaline is
(a) Increased heart rate
(d) Both (a) and (b)
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - Both (a)&( b): Adrenaline include increasing the heart rate, increasing blood pressure, expanding the air passages of the lungs, enlarging the pupil in the eye (see photo), redistributing blood to the muscles and altering the body's metabolism, so as to maximize blood glucose levels
38. Which of the following medicine is useful in the treatment of organo-phosphorous poisoning?
(c) Magnesium sulphate
• Ans. & Sol. (a) - Atropine: The definitive treatment for organophosphate poisoning is atropine, which competes with acetylcholine at the muscarinic receptors.
39. Medicine given during acute anaphylactic reaction is
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - Adrenaline:Epinephrine (adrenaline) is used to reduce the body's allergic response.
40. Anti-tubercular drug which does not cross blood brain barrier is
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - RIFAMPICIN: Rifampicin,Ethambutol and streptomycin has poor penetration of blood brain barrier.
41. Which one of the following is not a water-borne or food-borne virus?
(a) Polio virus
(b) Hepatitis A
(c) Norwalk-like virus
(d) Ebola virusm
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - Ebola virus: Ebola is spread by direct contact with blood or other body fluids (such as: vomit, diarrhea, urine, breast milk, sweat, semen) of an infected person who has symptoms of Ebola or who has recently died from Ebola.
42. Which of the following is the part of third line defense (specific resistance)?
(d) Antimicrobial substance
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - ANTIBODIES: The third line of defense is specific resistance. This system relies on antigens, which are specific substances found in foreign microbes. Most antigens are proteins that serve as the stimulus to produce an immune response. The term "antigen" comes from ANTI-body generating substances.
43. Which one of the following is a toxoid vaccine?
(d) Hepatitis B
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Diptheria: Toxoids are used extensively in the production of vaccines, the most prominent examples being the toxoids of diphtheria and tetanus.
44. The trace elements refers to
(a) The elements nitrogen, phosphorus, and sulfur
(c) Small mineral requirements
(d) Toxic substance
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Smaller mineral requirements :Trace elements, also known as microminerals, are substances that make up less than 0.01% of the body mass. In human milk these include iron, zinc, copper, manganese, selenium, iodine, fluorine, molybdenum, cobalt, chromium, and nickel.
45. Amoebic dysentery is caused by
(a) Amoeba proteus
(b) Entamoeba histolytica
(c) Balantinium coli
(d) Giardia lamblia
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Entamoeba histolytica: Amebiasis is an intestinal (bowel) illness caused by a microscopic (tiny) parasite called Entamoeba histolytica, which is spread through human feces (poop).
46. Planning commission is a
(a) Statutory body
(b) Executive body
(c) Autonomous body
(d) None of the these
• Ans. & Sol. (a) - Statutory body: the Government of India constituted NITI Aayog to replace the Planning Commission, which had been instituted in 1950. This step was taken to better serve the needs and aspirations of the people.
47. Right of information is a
(a) Fundamental right
(b) Legal right
(c) Both (a) and (b)
(d) Neither (a) nor (b)
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Legal Right:Right to information act came into force 2005.it is individual right to get the information
48. Dribble is a term used in
(d) All the above
• Ans. & Sol. (d) - All Of The Above:Dribbling is term used in hockey ,foot ball and basketball in different situations in that game.
49. The satellite freight city is being developed near which of the following cities?
(a) New Delhi
• Ans. & Sol. (c) - Guragon: Satellite freight city is a combination of two terms: satellite city + freight. Satellite city is a concept in urban planning that refers essentially to smaller metropolitan areas which are located somewhat near to but are mostly independent of larger metropolitan areas.
50. Most highly intelligent mammals are
• Ans. & Sol. (b) - Dolphins:Dolphins are the most intelligent mammals on earth. A dolphin has a large brain relative to its body size.
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